Islamic sacred months.
In Islamic culture, the sacred months or inviolable months are four months of the Islamic calendar (Dhul-Qa’dah, Dhu’l-Hijjah, Muharram and Rajab). Fighting/Struggling is forbidden during these months except in response to aggression. The purpose of that tradition was to enable pilgrims, merchants, and others to go to markets or places of worship and return home safely.
The pilgrim (Hajj) is performed on the eighth, ninth and the tenth of the Dhu’l-Hijjah month. Day of Arafah takes place on the ninth of the month. Eid al-Adha, the “Festival of the Sacrifice”, begins on the tenth day and ends on sunset of the 13th. However, in other sacred months e.g. Ramadan which is Islam’s holiest month of the year, people who follow Islam are encouraged to do good deeds, fast and pray.
Sadly some use it as an excuse to intensify their killing, claiming that they are committing the ultimate sacrifice for their faith. What fuels this, is the fact that Muslims believe that Ramadan is the month of Victory and Conquest — as they say. This means that, in some months of the year you are encouraged to be peaceful for your advantage and in other months you are encouraged not to be peaceful. What adds to the contradiction is that these months are all sacred months. This could be thought of as a form of political manipulation.
Ironically, if you go back in Islamic history, the Ottoman sultan “Bayezid I” was at the height of his power in 1402. He thought that he is the terrorizer of the world, superior to fortune and he always viewed Europe and Asia as little things that can be easily controlled.
The sultan was besieging the Byzantine (Orthodox Church) capital, Constantinople, when he was drawn away from fighting the Christians by the threat of the Central Asian ruler Timur (Tamerlane) army advancing from eastern Anatolia. Timur sent a polite letter to the sultan, but that courtesy was returned with arrogance. Bayezid responded with his own insult, ordering the beards of the Timur’s envoys to be shaved and the emissaries returned to their master in disgrace to demonstrate that the sultan feared no
The sultan was defeated and captured in the Battle of Ankara on 20 July 1402. Timur first treated the sultan with marked respect, but his courtesy was returned with a haughty pride. Timur knew the medicine of the arrogant sultan. He made him to be shackled in fetters and chains of gold, and so to be shut-up in a small iron cage made like a grate, in such sort as that he might on every side be seen; and so carried him up and down like a bird in a cage with other trophies. This was not done for the hatred of the sultan, but to manifest the punishment against the folly of the proud.
Byzantine officials were on their way to hand the sultan the keys of their city but they were given the key to his cage! Surprisingly, 20 July 1402 corresponds to 11 Dhu’l-Hijjah 804 in the Hijri calendar, which means that the sultan was most likely celebrating Eid al-Adha in his cage! This is the result of arrogance and aggressiveness. Do not be a victim of this ideology. Therefore we encourage Muslims to turn away from the violence and instead look at logical reasoning and embrace love and peace.
Jalal Tagreeb’s goal
Jalal Tagreeb is a freelance researcher and translator from the Levant; his major is Islamic Studies and History. He is a big fan of and supporter to the Western colonization/civilization mission’s views of the Middle East in a very objective way. He understands that his predecessors fought against that, but he thinks that was completely wrong. He believes that the level of education and awareness at that time
were insufficient. He has a strong passion to research the topic, mainly the role of modern colonialism and global power politics in shaping the Middle East.